REFERENCES

The Truth About Marijuana References

  1. “What Chemicals Are in Marijuana and Its Byproducts,” Charles Ksir, PhD
  2. “DrugFacts: Is Marijuana Medicine?” National Institute on Drug Abuse, Jul 2015
  3. “DrugFacts: Marijuana,” National Institute on Drug Abuse, Dec 2012

    “What’s Wrong With Marijuana?” the Trumpet, Feb 2013

  4. “Additional Marijuana Facts,” University of Southern California, May 2015
  5. “Cannabis in the workplace,” National Cannabis Prevention and Information Center, Oct 2011
  6. “Study: Young Adults’ Casual Marijuana Use Causes Brain Changes,” CommonHealth, Apr 2014
  7. “Don’t Harsh Our Mellow, Dude,” The New York Times, June 2014
  8. “Denver coroner: Man fell to death after eating marijuana cookies,” The Denver Post, April 2014
  9. “‘Dabbing’ the new drug of choice for teens?” ABC 15 Arizona, Sept 2013

    “Concentrates 101: What’s on the market, from kief and CO2 oil to BHO,” TheCannabist.co, Jun 2015

  10. “Officials warn of dangers with earwax marijuana,” KCRA, Nov 2013
  11. “Mixing Marijuana with tobacco creating ‘Respiratory Cripples,’” St. Lucia News
  12. “Some Emerging Facts On Establishing Indispensable Issues of Weed Names,” FrancePropertyTrader.com

    “20 Cannabis Strains High in THC,” TheChillBud.com

  13. “Marijuana Supply, Sales and Seizures—Potency,” CEDRO

    Mehmedic et al, 2010 (graph)

  14. “Cannabis Substance Profile and Its Health Impact,” UNODC

    Mehmedic et al, 2010 (graph)

  15. “Psychoactive Drugs Notes—Marijuana” Sinsemilla, M. Plonsky PhD
  16. “DrugFacts: Marijuana,” National Institute on Drug Abuse, Jan 2014
  17. “Does marijuana use affect driving?” National Institute on Drug Abuse, March 2016

    “Dose related risk of motor vehicle crashes after cannabis use,” NCBI

  18. “Marijuana Use Increases Risk of Traffic Crashes and Deaths,” Potsdam University
  19. “Fatal Road Crashes Involving Marijuana Double After State Legalizes Drug,” AAA NewsRoom, May 2016
  20. “More Colorado drivers in fatal crashes positive for pot, study says,” The Denver Post, May 2014
  21. “Percentage of California Drivers Testing Positive for Marijuana, Involved in a Fatal Crash,” FARS 2005–2013

    “Dose related risk of motor vehicle crashes after cannabis use,” NBCI, Feb 2004

    “Stoned Drivers Are Killing More and More Innocent Victims,” CNS NEWS, Oct 2013

  22. “DrugFacts: Marijuana,” National Institute on Drug Abuse, March 2016

    “Marijuana Use and Panic Psychopathology Among a Representative Sample of Adults,” NCBI, Apr 2010

    “Marijuana: Know the Facts,” ONDCP

  23. “How long does cannabis stay in the body after smoking?” NHS.uk
  24. “Marijuana as Medicine: Consider the Pros and Cons,” Mayo Clinic, Aug 2006
  25. “Smoked Marijuana as cause of lung injury,” NCBI, Jun 2005

    “Does Marijuana Cause Cancer?” Jann Gumbiner, PhD, Psychology Today, Feb 2011

  26. “Regional brain abnormalities associated with long-term heavy cannabis use,” NCBI, Jun 2008

    “Casual marijuana use linked to brain abnormalities in students: Dramatic effects of small time use; more ‘joints’ equal more damage,” ScienceDaily, Apr 2014

  27. “How Marijuana May Drive the Brain into Psychosis,” LiveScience, Jan 2012

    “The Cannabis-Psychosis Link,” Psychiatric Times, Jan 2012

  28. “Effects Of Marijuana: Smoking Pot Burns Out Sperm Count For Men By A Third, Harming Fertility,” Medical Daily, Sep 2015
  29. “Acute, short-term, and chronic effects of marijuana on the female primate reproductive function,” NCBI
  30. “DrugFacts: Marijuana,” National Institute on Drug Abuse, Dec 2012
  31. “Understanding the harmful effects of marijuana use,” AWAREmed, Dr. Akoury, June 2015
  32. “Why Isn’t the Marijuana Plant FDA-Approved Medicine,” NIDA, Dec 2014
  33. “Neurobiological effects of early life cannabis exposure in relation to the gateway hypothesis,” Maria Ellgren, Karolinska University, Feb 2007

    “What are marijuana’s effects on general physical health?” NIDA, Mar 2016

    “Recreational marijuana use and acute ischemic stroke: A population-based analysis of hospitalized patients in the United States,” NCBI, May 2016

    “What are marijuana effects?” NIDA, Mar 2016

    “Drop in IQ linked to heavy teenage cannabis use,” Nature magazine, Aug 2012

    “How does marijuana produce its effects?” NIDA, Mar 2016

    “Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife,” NCBI, Oct 2012

    “Heavy, persistent pot use linked to economic, social problems at midlife,” ScienceDaily, Mar 2016

    “Marijuana and the developing brain,” American Psychological Association, Nov 2015

    “Why Isn’t the Marijuana Plant FDA-Approved Medicine,” NIDA, Dec 2014

    “Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife,” PNAS, Aug 2012

    “Regular marijuana usage robs men of sexual highs,” NewScientist, Aug 2009

    “Localization and Function of Cannabinoid Receptors in the Corpus Cavaernosum,” European Urology, Sexual Medicine, Feb 2010

    “Impact of Cannabis Use on Male Sexual Health,” by Rany Shamloul MD and Anthony J. Bella MD, Jan 2011

    “Cannabis Use and Sexual Health,” International Society for Sexual Medicine, Aug 2009

    “Does Marijuana Affect Sex Drive?” Prostate.net, March 2011

  34. “National Study Shows “Gateway” Drugs Lead to Cocaine Use,” Columbia University, Nov 1994
  35. “Addiction Related Statistics,” In Balance Intensive Outpatient
  36. “Marijuana,” NIDA New York
  37. “Medical Marijuana in the Workplace,” NCBI, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2015
  38. Swann study in 2000 on fatally injured drivers on THC
  39. “The health and psychological consequences of cannabis use,” Department of Health Australia, 1994

The Truth About Alcohol References

“Facts About Alcohol,” U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

“Three deaths every day in Ireland due to Alcohol,” Alcohol Action Ireland

“Alcohol and Underage Drinking,” School of Public Health at John Hopkins University

“Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings,” SAMHSA

“2007 Survey on Drug Misuse on 11-15 Year-Olds,” National Health Service Information Centre

World Health Organisation global status report on alcohol and health, 2014

“Alcohol and Crime,” U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

“Alcohol-related assault: findings from the British Crime Survey,” UK Home Office Online Report

“Statistics on Alcohol: England, 2007,” National Health Service (UK)

“Alcohol in Europe: A Public Health Perspective,” Institute of Alcohol Studies (UK)

“Alcohol Use Disorders: Alcohol Liver Diseases and Alcohol Dependency,” Warren Kaplan, Ph.D., JD, MPH, 7 Oct 2004

“Alcohol and the Brain,” University of Washington

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General

Encyclopaedia Britannica

“Alcohol Intoxification,” www.emedicinehealth.com

“Alcohol Alert,” U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, April 2006

Mothers Against Drunk Driving “Teen Drivers: Fact Sheet,” Centres for Disease Control

 

 

The Truth About Cocaine References

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, “State of the Drug Problem in Europe, 2008”

U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency Fact Sheet on Cocaine

National Institute on Drug Abuse: “NIDA Info Facts: Crack and Cocaine,” April 2008

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Drug Report 2008

“Cocaine Facts & Figures,” Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2008

“Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use Overview of Key Findings 2007,” National Institute on Drug Abuse

Public Health Statistics, Department of Health, 2003 Survey. Updated 8 Feb 2007

“Drug Use, 16 to 29 years, January to April 2000. Drugs Used in the Last Twelve Months. Last updated 22/05/05,” British Crime Survey, Home Office.

Irish Independant, Mark O’Regan, March 2014

“Cocaine overdose cases at UK hospitals increase four fold,” 26 May 2008, www.thaindian.com

 

The Truth About Crack Cocaine References

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction,
State of the Drug Problem in Europe, 2008

U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency Fact Sheet on Cocaine

National Institute of Drug Abuse: NIDA Info Facts: Crack and Cocaine, April 2008

United Nations Office on Drug and Crime, World Drug Report 2008

“Crack Facts & Figures,” Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2008

“Illicit Drug Use During Pregnancy,” March of Dimes

“Research Report Series—Cocaine Abuse and Addiction,” National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

“Drug and Alcohol Use and Related Matters Among Arrestees 2003,” Zhiwei Zhang, Ph.D., National Opinion Research Centre

“Cocaine use among young reaches shocking levels,” thisislondon.co.uk

“Monitoring the Future, Overview of Key Findings 2007,” NIDA

UN Office on Drugs and Crime Annual Report 2008

DEA History Book, 1985-1990

“Crack ‘epidemic’ fuels rise in violent crime,” The Observer, 17 Feb 2002

“Survey on people aged between 16 and 25,” Public Health Statistics, Department of Health, 2003 Survey. Updated 8 Feb 2007

 

The Truth About Crystal Meth References

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Statistical Bulletin 2008

Interpol report on Methamphetamine, 27 September 2005

“Methamphetamine Facts & Figures,” Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2008

Narconon International information on methamphetamine, www.narconon.org

Newsweek, “The Meth Epidemic: Inside America’s New Drug Crisis,” 8 August 2005

State of Hawaii, Office of Lt. Governor news release, 31 October 2007

“County knocks meth use,” 9 July 2008, SignonSanDiego.com

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration news release, 15 February 2008

United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime report on Methamphetamine, 1998

Youth Risk behaviour Surveillance System 2007 study, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration report on Methamphetamine, October 2005

U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse report on Methamphetamine, May 2005

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime World Drug Report 2008

“National Methamphetamine Threat Assessment 2008,” National Drug Intelligence Centre, U.S. Department of Justice

 

The Truth About Heroin References

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime World Drug Report 2008

White House Office of National Drug Control Policy

National Institutes of Health (U.S.)

Drug Enforcement Administration (U.S.)

“Research Report Series—Heroin Abuse and Addiction,” National Institute on Drug Abuse (U.S.)

Department of Health and Human Services (U.S.)

Centre for Substance Abuse Research (U.S.)

“Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) Highlights—2006,” Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

“Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings,” Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (U.S.)

National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

American Council for Drug Education’s Annals of Internal Medicine (April 1999)

The Lancet (UK)

Laboratory of the Municipal Police Amsterdam

Columbia University Medical Centre

World Health Organisation

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

“Message from the Chairman,” The National Centre on Addiction and Substance Abuse of Columbia University, Fall 2008

Drug Misuse Declared: Findings from the British Crime Survey 2005-2006

Irish Times, “Heroin: The Next Generation”, May 14, 2011 and “Dublin’s Heroin Problem”, April 13, 2016

 

The Truth About Inhalants References

“Inhalant Abuse,” National Institute on Drug Abuse

“Inhalants Pose Health Threat to Teens,” Iowa Department of Public Health, 24 Mar 2008

“Inhalant Use across the Adolescent Years,” National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 13 Mar 2008

National Inhalant Abuse Taskforce Final Report, Melbourne, Australia, Nov 2005

Inhalants,” Timothy Kaufman, M.D., emedicine.com, 9 Jul 2007

“About Inhalants,” National Inhalant Prevention Coalition

“Intelligence Brief: Huffing,” National Drug Intelligence Centre, Nov 2001

“Inhalants: Description/Overview,” U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration

“Inhalant Abuse,” National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Report Series

Huffing—Inhalants,” National Education Foundation of America

“NIDA InfoFacts: Inhalants” National Institute on Drug Abuse

“Volatile Substance Abuse Today: A Qualitative Study,” UK Department of Health, June‑August 2005

“Deaths from Volatile Substance Abuse in the UK in 2006 rose slightly to 49 from 45 in 2005,” St. George’s University of London, 30 Jul 2008

Ireland Country Overview: “Drug use among the general population and young people”, May 30, 2016

Irish Central, April 16, 2010

 

The Truth About LSD References

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction 2007 Annual Report

United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, report on LSD, 1998

U.S. Department of Justice, National Drug Intelligence Centre report, May 2003

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration

“Research Report Series—Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs,” U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse

U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy report on Hallucinogens, September 2005

Acid Dreams: The Complete Social History of LSD—The CIA, the Sixties, and Beyond, Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain, Grave Press, (revised edition), March 1986

“Drug Use, 16 to 29 years, January to April 2000. Drugs Used in the Last Twelve Months.” Updated 22 May 2005

www.drogues.gouv.fr. (Website of French Government's Interdepartmental Mission for the Fight Against Drugs and Drug Addiction)

Hopkins Medical News

U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

“Situation of Amphetamines, Ecstasy and LSD in Europe,” European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

“New Study Reveals More than 3 Million Adolescents and Young Adults Have Used Non-Prescription Cough and Cold Medicines to Get High at Least Once in their Lifetimes,” 10 Jan 2008, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

 

The Truth About Painkillers References

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Fact Sheet on Prescription Drug Abuse

Indivor, September 2015

“Prescription opioid abuse in the UK,” British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, November 2013

Drug misuse: Findings from the 2014/15 Crime Survey for England and Wales, Home Office

Drug Use in Ireland, Drug Prevalence Survey, 2010/2011, National Advisory Committee on Drugs & Public Health Information and Research Branch

“Older Americans fight drug abuse,” 3 Jul 2008, International Herald Tribune

“Methadone rises as a painkiller with big risks,” 17 Aug 2008, International Herald Tribune

“Nurofen Plus to remain on sale,” 6 Aug 2008

“Warning on painkillers,” 4 May 2007, Financial Times

2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

“Depressants,” U.S. Department of Health & Human Services and SAMHSA’s National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information

ABC of drugs, channel4.com

A Brief History of Opium, opioids.com

OxyContin Information, National Clearinghouse on Alcohol and Drug Information

All‑Party Parliamentary Drugs Misuse Group, An Inquiry into Physical Dependence and Addiction to Prescription and Over‑the‑Counter Medication, 2007‑2008 Parliamentary SessionOxyContin: Prescription Drug Abuse Advisory, Centre for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT)

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Info Facts: Prescription Pain and Other Medications

National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Report, “Prescription Drugs, Abuse and Addiction 2001”

“Some Commonly Prescribed Medications: Use and Consequences,” National Institute on Drug Abuse

National Institute of Justice, Drug and Alcohol Use and Related Matters Among Arrestees, 2003

U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy, “Drug Facts: OxyContin,” and “Prescription Drug Facts & Figures

“New Report Reveals More Than 1000 People Died in Illegal Fentanyl Epidemic of 2005-2007,” Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

“Teen OTC & Prescription Drug Abuse,” teenoverthecounterdrugabuse.com

 

The Truth About Prescription Drug Abuse References

“Drug Scheduling,” U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration

“Selected Prescription Drugs with Potential for Abuse,” National Institute on Drug Abuse

International Narcotics Control Board

Office of Drug Control Policy

“Prescription Sedatives & Tranquilizers,” Partnership for
a Drug-Free America

Statement by Leonard J. Paulozzi before Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crimes and Drugs, 12 March 2008

Center for Substance Abuse Research

National Survey on Drug Use and Health 2007

Suicidality, violence and mania caused by SSRIs: A review and analysis, P. Breggin.

“Depressants,” US Department of Health & Human Services and SAMHSA’s National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information

“Prescription drugs a gateway for teen drug abuse,” Houston Chronicle, 4 September 2008

“Ketamine tops cocaine as new drug of choice,” The Independent, 15 Jan 2009

“GPs have got Britain ‘hooked on painkillers’,” guardian.co.uk, 10 Feb 2008

“Why painkillers and antidepressants are killing MORE Britons than heroin and cocaine,” Mirror Online, UK, September 2013

“Special Report: The anti-depressant generation,” Irish Examiner, March 2015

All-Party Parliamentary Drugs Misuse Group, An Inquiry into Physical Dependence and Addiction to Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medication, 2007-2008 Parliamentary Session

 

The Truth About Ritalin References

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Fact Sheet on Prescription Drug Abuse

Monitoring the Future–National Results on Adolescent Drug Use, Overview of Findings 2007, National Institute on Drug Abuse

U.S. Dept of Health & Human Services, Testimony by Nora D. Volkow, MD, before the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs, 12 Mar 2008

Emergency Department Visits Involving ADHD Stimulant Medications, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration, 2006

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

“Millions Have Misused ADHD Stimulant Drugs, Study Says,” Shankar Vedantam, Washington Post, 25 Feb 2006

“NIDA InfoFacts: Stimulant ADHD Medications—Methylphenidate and Amphetamines,” National Institute on Drug Abuse

Vanderbilt University Psychology Dept.

The Harvard Crimson

Centre for Substance Abuse Research

Novartis (Ritalin description)

University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston

University of Indiana Prevention Resource Centre

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

New York University Health Centre

The Family Council on Drug Awareness

“The Ritalin express,” BBC News, 23 October 2008

Herald.ie, “Prescriptions for ADHD drugs soar by more than 60pc”, 14 September 2013.

 

THE TRUTH ABOUT SYNTHETIC DRUGS REFERENCES

1. “New Psychoactive Substances Review—Report of the Expert Panel,” Chapter 2: “The Nature and challenge of New Psychoactive Substances,” September, 2014.

2. Study by Recreational Drug European Network, 2013.

3. “Global Synthetic Drugs Assessment,” UN Office on Drugs and Crime, 2014.

4. “Acute Kidney Injury Associated with Synthetic Cannabinoid Use – Multiple States,” Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2012.

5. “Lab Results Confirm CBP in Ohio Discover Synthetic Narcotics in Incense Packets,” U.S. Customs and Border Protection, January 14, 2009.

6. “Comprehensive Drug Information on Synthetic Cannabinoids – ‘Spice’ and ‘K2’,” Hunterdown Drug Awareness Programme, June 29, 2012.

7. Study by The Scripps Research Institute, 2013.

8. The DAWN Report, U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, September 17, 2013.

9. “These Aren’t Your Grandma’s Bath Salts,” American College of Emergency Physicians, March 28, 2013.

10. “The Toxicology of Bath Salts: A Review of Synthetic Cathinones,” Jane M. Prosser, Lewis S. Nelson, Journal of Medical Toxicology, March 2012.

11. Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act of 2012.

12. “‘N-bomb’ drug stirs fears among police, doctors,” USA Today, May 4, 2013.

13. “The Synthetic Drug Craze: What Chiefs Need to Know,” Emily K. Dye, The Police Chief, September 2013.

14. “Teen Seizures and Deaths Linked to Dangerous Designer Drug ‘N-Bomb’ – Part 1,” Addiction Treatment Magazine, April 18, 2014.

Other sources: U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse and U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy.